Pig Farming In Nigeria, With a growing population currently at 180 million from the 6.5 billion world population, indications has emerged that pig farming can relieve the nation on the unemployment pressure faced by Nigerians as well as other developing Africa countries.
Do you know that its only few Nigerian entrepreneurs are making too much money from this Pig Farming business?
I am so surprise that many Nigerians are so ignorant about this particular business.
Somebody was asking me I should list out some business he can invest his money into, and I told him Pig Farming and he was like how will I feed it? How will I make money from pig farming in Nigeria and so many questions he was just asking me.
If you doubt me see click here for proof and see how so many Nigerians are now making cool money from Pig farming business in Nigeria.
You see the most interesting part of this pig farming business, you don’t have to bother much about the feeding and taking care of it as Pork Money will help you take care of it and you will make 80-90% at the end.
Before we get into full details on how to start pig farming business in Nigeria, let’s quickly talk a little about Pig Farming in Nigeria.
Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs as livestock, and is a branch of animal husbandry. Pigs are farmed principally to be eaten (e.g. bacon, gammon) or sometimes skinned.
Pigs are amenable to many different styles of farming: intensive commercial units, commercial free range enterprises, or extensive farming (being allowed to wander around a village, town or city, or tethered in a simple shelter or kept in a pen outside the owner’s house).
Historically, farm pigs were kept in small numbers and were closely associated with the residence of the owner, or in the same village or town.
They were valued as a source of meat, fat and for the ability to turn inedible food into meat, and often fed household food waste if kept on a homestead. Pigs have been farmed to dispose of municipal garbage on a large scale.
All these forms of pig farm are in use today. In developed nations, commercial farms house thousands of pigs in climate-controlled buildings.
Pigs are a popular form of livestock, with more than one billion pigs butchered each year worldwide, 100 million of them in the USA.
The majority of pigs are used for human food but also supply skin, fat and other materials for use as clothing, ingredients for processed foods, cosmetics, and medical use.
The activities on a pig farm depend on the husbandry style of the farmer, and range from very little intervention (as when pigs are allowed to roam villages or towns and dispose of garbage) to intensive systems where the pigs are contained in a building for the majority of their lives.
Each pig farm will tend to adapt to the local conditions and food supplies and fit their practices to their specific situation.
The following factors can influence the type of pig farms in any given region:
- Available food supply suitable for pigs
- The ability to deal with manure or other outputs from the pig operation
- Local beliefs or traditions, including religion
- The breed or type of pig available to the farm
- Local diseases or conditions that affect pig growth or fecundity
- Local requirements, including government zoning and/or land use laws
- Local and global market conditions and demand
A fully grown Pig goes for as high as N30,000 depending on the weight. Now Imagine for a year you are able to rear hundred to maturity, you will be making N3 Million from the sales. If you can take it higher – let’s say like 2,000 pigs in year, you will be making upward of N60 Million.
Considering how fast pigs reproduce, it wouldn’t be a very much big deal to come up with 100 pigs in a year. Then, how do you go about setting up your pig farm? Below are the important guides
How To Start Pig Farming In Nigeria
- Secure A Breeding Ground
Depending on how you plan to feed your pigs, a plot of land may just be okay for small scale starting but if you can acquire a large farm land (from 5 acres) that will be better so that your pig can graze in the open and retire to the pen where they’d continue feeding and playing. Land is your biggest investment in this business. Once you have it, you’re half way done.
Look for land in a rural area where you can get it cheaper. 1acre of land in a rural area will be from N200,000 x how many you want. Do your stuffs there and transport your goods to the town. Some butcher will even be coming to your farm to buy, saving you cost of transportation.
It is good to raise pigs in pasture by leaving them occasionally to root around in the fields where they can find plants to eat, and that can only be achieved when you have large enough farm land (Pasture Ground) to cater for this. As they mature, you take care so that they do not wander away.
- Build Standard Pens
Big pen is important if you don’t want your pigs to injure themselves. A good and specious pen is also important to keep the pigs healthy and free from diseases and contamination. Proper drainage is needed too to avoid water becoming stagnant in your pen which could attract insects and other harmful pets to harm your pigs.
To avoid your pigs getting overly dirty, you need to build a water pool where they can play, swim as pigs likes swimming, and cool themselves which is important to their well being. Changing the water and refilling the pool as frequently as possible will ensure that they are clean all the time. If you are keeping them outdoor, shelter should be build for them.
- Buy Healthy Piglets
To ensure healthy farm, you need to make sure the piglets you are about to start your farm with are health. Buy from trusted source and make sure the ones you are buying has history of vaccination.
Standard Pig Pen for Big Farmers
Buy as much as you want to start with but don’t start with too many. It is advisable to start with small number and increase gradually. This way, you will be able to learn the rope and you grow and anything goes wrong at the initial stage, your risk will be minimal.
Talk To Veterinary Doctor – You need the services of vet doctors for regular check up and vaccination as well as feeding and nutrition advice. Pigs generally eat what human beings eat and does not present much worries when it comes to feed.
- Employ Workers
Employ 4 – 5 persons if your pigs are up to 100. If you are starting on a smaller scale, you may need lesser number of worker 1 – 2 workers who will be assisting in the cleaning of the pigs and the pens, feeding the pigs and making sure they are well behaved and other things necessary.
- Feeding Is Important For Pig Farming
Just like human being, Pigs eat a wide variety of foods, anything human can eat, they can eat. Like human being as well, they need balanced diet such as fibre, energy, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals to thrive. Feed will take the major chunk of your spending in the farm.
Pigs, like all animals, must have constant access to clean fresh drinking water. As well as tipping the trough to make a wallow, pigs will also stand in the water trough and wash their dirty faces in it, so it needs to be checked regularly, cleaned out and refilled.
Galvanised troughs are robust and easy to clean, and not too easy for the pigs to tip over. Automatic drinkers are available but aren’t half as much fun for the pigs
Put all these in place and you are as good as having started your business. There is nothing a good as being in business you are sure of profit; Pig farming is one of such business. All you need to do is to feed and take care of them. Do that proper and watch them multiply in three fold.
Have you got any questions? Kindly drop your questions below, so that we can rub minds together and trash out the problems you’re facing.
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